Testimonials

Cheryl  Francisconi
Program Director
LDM, Institute of International Education (IIE), USA

HIV/AIDS  
 

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections. Previous names for the virus include human T-lymphotropic virus-III (HTLV-III), lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV), and AIDS-associated retrovirus (ARV). Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells. The four major routes of transmission are unprotected sexual intercourse, contaminated needles, breast milk, and transmission from an infected mother to her baby at birth (Vertical transmission). Screening of blood products for HIV has largely eliminated transmission through blood transfusions or infected blood products in the developed world. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals susceptible to opportunistic infections and tumours. HIV is transmitted through direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-seminal fluid, and breast milk.

Multilateral Organizations
ILO
UNICEF
UNIDO

International NGOs
Action Aid
AED
CARE
CASA
Catholic Relief Services (CRS)
CEDPA/C3
Family Health International (FHI)
Helpage India
Hindustan Latex Family Planning Promotion Trust (HLFPPT)
Institute of International Education (IIE), USA
Micronutrient Initiatives India (MII)
OXFAM
Packard Foundation
Sulabh Intrenational
WaterAid (UK)

Corporate Agencies
Johnson and Johnson (J&J) Ltd.

Professional Institutions
Xavier Institute of Social Science (XISS), Ranchi

Consulting Firms
Catalyst Development Services
Give 2 Asia
Pricewaterhouse Cooper Pvt. Ltd. (PwC)

Government Organisations
Department of Planning, GoUP
Department of Secondary Education, GoUP
State Institute of Health and Family Welfare (SIHFW), UP
UP State Aids Control Society (UPSACS)
Water and Sanitation Support Organisation (WSSO)

Civil Society Organisations
BEADS, Lucknow
Catholic Diocese of Lucknow
Don Bosco Aashalayam, Lucknow
DORD, Patna
DSWS, Lucknow
Fatima Hospital, Lucknow
Impact Partners in Social Development
PRADAN
IRAC, Patna